Coimbatore is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, also known as Kovai. It is known as the textile capital of South India or the Manchester of the South India. It is the second-largest city in Tamil Nadu, in terms of population with an estimated population over 30 lakhs in 2020.

The city is one of the biggest exporters of jewellery, wet grinders and auto components. The Government of India recognizes the “Coimbatore Wet Grinder” and the “Kovai Cora Cotton” as geographical indications.

Geography

Located 411 metres (1349 ft) above sea level at 11 ° 1’6″ N 76 ° 58′ 21″ E in South India on the banks of the Noyyal River, in northwestern Tamil Nadu. It covers an area of 247.92 sq km. It is surrounded to the west and north by the Western Ghats mountain range, with Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve forests on the northern side. 

 

The city is divided into two distinct geographic regions. Eastern side, which comprises most of the town’s urban area, and the western region bordering the ranges of Nilgiris, Anaimalai and Munnar. To the west of the city lies the Palghat Gap, a mountain pass which connects the neighbouring state of Kerala with Tamil Nadu.

Coimbatore
Location of Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu

Climate

Coimbatore enjoys a very pleasant climate throughout the year in the rain shadow region of the Western Ghats, helped by the fresh breeze that flows through the Palakkad gap. Due to the north-eastern monsoon, the wet season lasts from September to November. Read More on Coimbatore Climate.

Western Ghats - Coimbatore

Administration

The city is split into five administrative zones, each further subdivided into 20 wards: East, West, North, South and Central. Read more.

Coimbatore municipal corporation
Coimbatore municipal corporation. PC:simplicity

Economy

Coimbatore, one of the fastest-growing Tier-II cities in India, is a major hub for manufacturing, education and healthcare. It covers more than 40,000 small, medium and large industries, with engineering and textiles being the primary industries. Due to its extensive textile industry, served by the nearby cotton fields, Coimbatore is called the “Manchester of South India”.
CODISSIA - Coimbatore
The first special economic zone (SEZ) established in 2006 was TIDEL Park Coimbatore in ELCOT SEZ. Coimbatore ranked 15th in the list of most competitive Indian cities (by business environment) in 2010. Coimbatore also has a trade fair floor of 160,000 square feet (15,000 sq m), built-in 1999 and owned by CODISSIA.
Coimbatore is the state’s second-largest software producer, next to the capital, Chennai. TIDEL Coimbatore Park and other city information technology parks have helped to develop the city’s IT and business process outsourcing industries. Supplies nearly 50 per cent of India’s motor and pump requirements. The city is one of the largest jewellery exporters.
Coimbatore - TIDEL Park
Coimbatore - TIDEL Park

Culture

There is a reputation for entrepreneurship in Coimbatore and its people. Although it is generally considered a traditional city, is diverse and cosmopolitan.

Language

The official language is Tamil and the predominantly spoken is Kongu Tamil. Generally, Kongu Tamil is referred to as the best Tamil language dialect.

Transport

Air

The then Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh declared Coimbatore Airport to International status on 2nd October 2012. The airport caters to domestic flights to major Indian cities and international flights to Sharjah, Singapore and Sri Lanka.

Coimbatore international Airport
Coimbatore international Airport
Sulur Airbase
Sulur Airbase

Sulur Air Force Station is an Indian Air Force air base located near Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, in Sulur. After Hindon AFS, it is India’s second-largest airbase. It is the base responsible for protecting the area of the Sea of India. It is only a base in India that handles both combatant and transport flights at one site. 

It is only IAF BASE in India to have all Departments at one location i.e Fighters, Carrier Planes, Carrier Helicopters, Attack Choppers, A Repair and Overhauling Depot, TETTRA School, Air Force Hospital, Southern Command Sub Headquarters.

Railways

Train services began in Coimbatore in 1861, after the construction of the Podanur-Madras line joining Kerala and the west coast with the rest of India. Coimbatore lies on the Coimbatore – Shoranur broad gauge railway line. The city falls under the Salem division of the Indian Railways’ Southern Railway Zone. Check out the list of Railway stations in Coimbatore here.

Coimbatore Junction, which is the second-largest revenue-generating station in the Southern Railway area after Chennai Central. Other major railway stations catering to the city include Coimbatore North Junction, Podanur Junction and minor stations at Peelamedu, Singanallur, Irugur Junction, Perianaikanpalayam, Madukkarai, Somanur, Sulur & Thudiyalur. 

Coimbatore Railway Stattion
Coimbatore Railway Station

Train services began in Coimbatore in 1861, after the construction of the Podanur-Madras line joining Kerala and the west coast with the rest of India. Coimbatore lies on the Coimbatore – Shoranur broad gauge railway line. The city falls under the Salem division of the Indian Railways’ Southern Railway Zone.

Road

There are six major arterial roads in the city: Avinashi Road, Trichy Road, Sathy Road, Mettupalayam Road, Palakkad Road and Pollachi Road.

Coimbatore Roads
Coimbatore Roads

Avinashi Road – The road starts at Uppilipalayam flyover, running from east to west, and ends at Nillambur bypass junction where it joins NH544. Eastern End in Coimbatore and Southern End in Salem. Flyover from Uppilipalayam for 10.1 km at ₹1,621.30 crores is being constructed to decongest the traffic in Avinashi Road.

Trichy Road – Road starts from Coimbatore railway station, running east to west and ends at Palladam where it joins NH81 Western end in Coimbatore and Eastern end being Chidambaram.

Sathy Road – Road starts from 100 feet road, near Gandhipuram, running North to South and ends at Annur where it joins NH948. Southern end in Coimbatore and Northern end in Bangalore.

Mettupalayam Road – This NH67 runs for about 36 kilometres starting exactly from Rangai Gowder street up to the northern end and Ooty on the North.

Palakkad Road – Road starts from Ukkadam and ends in Palakkad, Kerala

Pollachi Road – Starts from Ukkadam and Ends in Pollachi.

To meet the increasing demand and to ease the traffic, flyovers are being built in full swing in Kavundampalayam, GN Mills, Trichy Road and Ukkadam.

Four new flyovers to come up in most congested areas. The national highways department has obtained approval to construct flyovers at Singanallur, Saravanampatti, Thudiyalur and Saibaba colony at a total cost of Rs.495 crore.

Education

Coimbatore is a major hub for education. With the oldest being C.S.I. Boys High School (1831), St. Michael’s Higher Secondary School (1860), Stanes Anglo Indian Higher Secondary School (1862) and St. Francis Anglo-Indian Girls School (1898), the earliest schools and universities founded in the city dates back at least more than a century.

Bharathiar university -Coimbatore
Bharathiar university -Coimbatore

Government Arts College, Coimbatore’s first college, was opened in 1875. Arthur Hope College of Technology (now recognised as the Government College of Technology, Coimbatore), the first engineering college in the city, was started in 1945 by G.D. Naidu, was followed in the 1950s by PSG College of Technology and Coimbatore Institute of Technology.

Established in 1949, the Air Force Administrative College is the Indian Air Force’s oldest training institute. In 1966, Coimbatore Medical College was established and there is another government-run ESIC Medical College in the city. The Government Law College started operations in 1978. The agricultural school, established in 1868, was transformed in 1971 into a full-fledged Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. 

Six universities, 78 engineering colleges, 3 medical schools, 2 dental colleges, 35 polytechnics, and 150 colleges of arts and science are located in the district. Three government-run Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Bharathiar University, Anna University Coimbatore and three private universities are located in the city. Sugarcane Breeding Research Institute, Central Institute for Cotton Research, Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education, Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding and Tamil Nadu Institute of Urban Studies are the research institutes located in the city. Read more about Top universities in Coimbatore.

Sugarcane Breeding Institute - Coimbatore
Sugarcane Breeding Institute - Coimbatore

HealthCare

There are over 750 hospitals in the district. The city’s first health care centre was started in 1909. It was upgraded to Coimbatore Medical College Hospital in 1969, and the city also has an ESI Hospital with 500 beds run by the government. 16 dispensaries and two maternity homes are maintained by the city corporation.

ESI -Coimbatore
ESI Mediacal College & Hospital
Sri Ramakrishna Hospital, G Kuppuswami Naidu Memorial Hospital, Kovai Medical Center & Hospital, PSG Hospitals are the leading Multi Speciality hospitals in Coimbatore

Conclusion

Cotton Industry - Coimbatore

Due to the decline of the cotton industry in Mumbai, the city experienced a textile boom in the early 19th century. Coimbatore has seen rapid growth since independence due to industrialization.

In 2014, Indian Today ranked Coimbatore as the best emerging city.

The city was ranked fourth by the Confederation of Indian Industry among Indian cities in the investment climate and 17th by Tholons among the top global outsourcing cities.

 Coimbatore has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city. Coimbatore is tagged as one of the most secured cities in India for women according to the National Crime Records Bureau report in 2015. Coimbatore was ranked first in Tamil Nadu’s cleanest cities list. Read more about Highlights of coimbatore.

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